Exposition Universelle et Coloniale, Lyon, France, 1894


The Exposition Universelle, Internationale et Coloniale was a world's fair including a colonial exhibition held at Parc de la Tête d'or in Lyon, France in 1894. The exposition was originally planned as a national exposition to be held in 1892, but the short interval since the Paris 1889 Universal Exposition led to a postponement of two years and a call for international participation. 3.8 million people visited the exposition. (source: Wikipedia)

The 1894 Exposition in Lyon included the first known exhibition of incubators and human babies at a World's Fair by Alexandre Lion. Dr. Lion operated storefront "institutes"" with incubators and human babies in several cities in France, and also had incubator pavilions at many international exhibitions in both Europe and the United States around the turn of the century.

A map of the exhibition grounds is shown below. Click the image for a larger version.

Dr. Alexandre Lion
The Lion Incubator
Oeuvre Maternelle des Couveuses d'Enfants, Paris
Oeuvre Maternelle des Couveuses d'Enfants, New York, 1897
Baby Incubators, The Strand Magazine, 1896, by James Walter Smith
Human Infant Incubation: A True Fairy-Tale of Modern Science from Leslie's Weekly, 1897
The Saving of Human Life, Maternité Lion in NYC, The Literary Digest, 1898
Oeuvre Maternelle des Couveuses d'Enfants , Paris Institute, Booklet Version #1 (appears to be ~1896)
Oeuvre Maternelle des Couveuses d'Enfants , Paris Institute, Booklet Version #2 (appears to be ~1901)
Pamphlet from Alexander Lion's exhibit at the 1898 exhibition in Torino, Italy. (PDF supplied by Dr. Thijs Gras, Amsterdam)
Couveuses d'Enfants - La Patrie, 1897
Maternité Lion at the Lyon Exposition Universelle - Le Monde Illustré, 1894
Maternité Lion at the Paris Exposition Universelle (1900)
Maternité Lion at the Exposition Internationale de l'Est de la France, Nancy, France, 1909

Created 10/29/2022 / Last modified 11/12/2022
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